Heidelberg (Heidelberg) is a city located in the German region of Baden-Wurttemberg, situated on the river Neckar and has around 145,000 inhabitants. It is known for its castles and ruins, as well as the oldest university in Germany, dating from 1386.
During the Nazi regime 1933-1945, Heidelberg was the headquarters of the National Socialist Workers Party of Germany. During e.t.c. Crystal Nights (Kristallnacht), residents of this town burned synagogues, and the next day began the deportation of all Jews in concentration camps. The Nazis built a large amphitheater on the hillside of this city in the north of the old city, where they were held celebrations, cultural events, etc.
An interesting fact is that during the Second World War, the city was attacked by the US military. The reason for this presumably is that Heidelberg was neither industrial nor transportation hub, but some say that he was spared because of its beauty and historical value. As a remnant of the Romantic period, Heidelberg is known worldwide as the city of romance, which attracts more than 3.5 million visitors a year. Every year in the city held many events such as the Festival of Classical Music Spring in Heidelberg as the International Fair of Easter eggs. The first Saturday in June and September, and the second week of July, the palace and the old bridge are illuminated with lights and fireworks.
Places you must visit in this city are:
Old Town, Altstadt (historic city center) and Hauptstrasse (main street). The Hauptstrasse enter the Bismarckplatz through the old town. Approximately one kilometer in length, it is supposedly the longest pedestrian shopping street in Germany. Other places that you should look in the old city: Universitätsplatz, Kornmarkt (corn market) where you have a nice view of the castle, twelve museums and more.
- The castle which is located just above the old city was built in a different era and style. In the courtyard, located Grosses Fass (Great powder) is one of the biggest barrels filled with wine (made in 1751 and collect 221,000 liters). The gardens of the castle, which are made by French engineer, Salomon de Caus, is sumptuous with waterfalls, terraces, statues and flowers, are always open. In the garden is a statue of Goethe.
- Philosophenweg – provides excellent views of the old town across the river
- Thingstätte located above the city, an open theater built Nazis
- Church Heiliggeistkirche
- Haus zum Ritter – House of knights
- Alte Brücke (Old Bridge) and Brückentor (Gate Bridge)
Those who already been there, what’s your experience? Are you willing to visit it again?